For Native Americans, August marks the season of Wilhoon, the season marking the salmon
runs of late summer; the Hopi Snake Dances, marking a sixteen-day ritual of purification;
the Stomp Dance, performed by Seminole and other Oklahoma tribes as a time of renewal and purification; the Sun Dance, observed by Plains peoples (Arapaho, Cheyenne, Shoshone, Arikara, Crow, Sioux, and others) as a time of penitence and sacrifice; and the Iroquois Green Corn Ceremony,
a time of renewal involving dances, fasting, offerings, and readings from the code of Handsome Lake.
Islam Yaum-al-Arafah ~ August 31
This day is the most important for Muslim pilgrims undertaking the Hajj journey; believers implore Allah for boundless forgiveness and mercy on the plain of ‘Arafāt, adjacent to the holy city of Mecca.
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